Information

RAJIV AWAS YOJANA

(NOTES ON RAY FOR PLACING IN GVMC WEBSITE)

1.Vision

Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) envisages a “Slum Free India” with inclusive and equitable cities in which every citizen has access to basic civic infrastructure, social amenities and decent shelter.

2. Mission

Encourage States/Union Territories (UTs) to tackle slums in a definitive manner, by ocusing on:

  • Bringing all existing slums, notified or non-notified (including recognised and

identified) within the formal system and enabling them to avail the basic amenities

that is available for the rest of the city/UA;

  • Redressing the failures of the formal system that lie behind the creation of slums by planning for affordable housing stock for the urban poor and initiating crucial policy changes required for facilitating the same.

3. Objectives

3.1. Improving and provisioning of housing, basic civic infrastructure and social amenities in intervened slums.

3.2. Enabling reforms to address some of the causes leading to creation of slums.

3.3. Facilitating a supportive environment for expanding institutional credit linkages for the urban poor.

3.4. Institutionalizing mechanisms for prevention of slums including creation of affordable housing stock.

3.5. Strengthening institutional and human resource capacities at the Municipal, City and State levels through comprehensive capacity building and strengthening of resource     networks.

3.6. Empowering community by ensuring their participation at every stage of decision making through strengthening and nurturing Slum Dwellers’ Association/Federations.

4. Scope

4.1. RAY is to be implemented in a mission mode and will provide financial support to States/UTs/Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)/Central Government Agencies, hereafter called implementing agencies, for providing housing and improvement of basic civic infrastructure and social amenities in each selected slums. Rental and transit housing will be admissible under the scheme. Operation and maintenance (O&M) of assets created under this scheme will also be eligible for funding.

4.2. RAY will also extend financial support to States for creation of affordable housing stock through public-private partnership (PPP) under the Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP) component of the scheme.

5. Duration :The implementation phase of the scheme is for the period 2013-2022.

6. Coverage

6.1. The scheme is applicable to all cities/UAs of the country. The selection for seeking assistance under the scheme will be made by the States in consultation with the Centre. The cities/UAs covered under preparatory phase of RAY are automatically included under implementation phase of RAY. The following criteria may further be followed for selection of cities and UAs:

6.1.1. Cities/UAs with large proportion of slum dwellers should be given priority.

6.1.2. District headquarters, cities of religious, historic, cultural, heritage and tourist importance may be given preference.

6.1.3. Cities/UAs with predominance of SC/ST/minority population/other vulnerable section of the society may be accorded priority.

6.1.4. States/UTs will require to assess their own resource mobilisation capacity and availability of allocated funds under the scheme while selecting cities.

6.2. The scheme is applicable to all slums within a city, whether notified or non-notified (including identified and recognised), whether on lands belonging to Central Government or its Undertakings, Autonomous bodies created under the Act of Parliament, State Government or its Undertakings, Urban Local Bodies or any other public agency and private sector. It is also applicable to “urbanized villages” inside the planning area of the city, urban homeless and pavement dwellers.

7. In-situ development of selected slum would be preferred to ensure that development does not lead to loss of livelihood linkages or additional commuting hours leading to loss of income. Interventions in selected slums can be on the following lines:

 Redevelopment: Development of entire slum by providing adequate housing and infrastructure (civic and social) to the slum dwellers after demolition of the existing built structures.

 Upgradation: Development of the entire slum by filling gaps in housing and infrastructure (civic and social) to the slum dwellers without complete demolition of the existing structures.

8. If temporary transit housing is required to accommodate the displaced slum dwellers of intervened slums, then it may also be proposed as part of the project DPR.

9. Slum relocation should preferably be selected as a method of slum-redevelopment for untenable slums and in such case, emphasis should be laid on providing mobility and recreating livelihood linkages. Such interventions would include adequate connected infrastructure (civic and social) on alternate site selected for such slum relocation.

10. Type of housing to be considered for slum upgradation/redevelopment/relocation, hereinafter referred to as slum intervention strategy, may include the following:

10.1 New housing: Slum dwellers without pucca houses should be provided with new dwelling unit (Single storey or Multi-storied building) of carpet area between 21-27 sqm. with two rooms, kitchen, bathroom, water sealed toilet and individual potable water connection facility.

10.2 Incremental housing: During the assessment of housing needs, it may be determined that the existing dwelling units built by the slum dwellers may need improvement i.e. if the dwelling unit is a pucca construction but having less than the desired minimum floor space or rooms, additional provision of rooms, toilets etc. should be considered to meet the minimum criteria so as to facilitate housing unit up-gradation. In case land is not available for expansion, vertical development may be considered. Provision of individual water supply, sanitation etc. should also be considered, where so required. As specified in the para above, for incremental housing also the central support shall be limited to the carpet area of 21-27 sqm.

10.3 Rental Housing: Rental housing may be the preferred choice to accommodate tenants of slums, labourers, floating population and urban homeless. Recognising that managing such rental premises is challenging, States/UTs will be required to clearly enunciate mechanisms for managing such premises including fixation of rent, operation and maintenance, vacancy norms etc. The size of rental DUs is expected to be between 16-20 sqm. with shared civic infrastructure. However, rental DUs with size 21-27 sqm. can also be proposed in exceptional cases.With regard to housing, full flexibility of approach is available for the manner of construction and arrangement of funds. Following models for execution may be adopted.

10.4 Beneficiary-led Execution: Beneficiaries may be involved for construction of DUs which would result in better monitoring and implementation. Implementing agencies should ensure timely availability of funds required for the smooth progress and completion of projects. Funds to beneficiary should be released in not more than four instalments, the first of which can be before commencement of construction (10%), second once construction is upto plinth level (30%), third after construction is upto roof level (40%) and final instalment on completion of construction (20%). The exact quantum may be varied by implementing agencies as per local conditions.

11.Executing Agencies: Execution of housing projects may be taken up by ULBs or parastatal agencies like Housing Boards, Development Authorities etc.

12. Community should be involved at every stage, from planning through implementation and post-project sustenance, necessitating that the designing of slum development is done with people's participation, which will lead to community ownership and sustainability of the scheme. To have better coordination and participation in project formulation, implementation and post construction O&M, it is recommended that each slum should form cooperatives/associations of the resident slum dwellers or any other such structure. These can act as the representative body for giving ownership/lease rights, rent management, operation and maintenance e.g. paying of electricity, water bills, day-to-day maintenance of the premises etc.

13. Funding Pattern

The funding pattern is as per the table below:

Category

Type of City/Urban

Agglomerations (UA) as

per 2011 Census

Component

Contribution of

Centre (%)

State

(%)

ULB

(%)

Beneficiaries

(%)

A

Cities/ UAs with

Population 5 lakhs

and above

Housing

50

25

-

25

Infrastructure

50

25

25

-

B

Cities/ UAs having

population less than 5

lakhs

Housing

75

15

-

10

Infrastructure

75

15

10

-

C

Cities/ UAs having

population less than 5

lakhs

Housing

80

10

-

10

Infrastructure

80

10

10

-

 

14. There will be an upper ceiling of ` 5 lakh per DU for cities with population more than 5 lakhs. This ceiling would be at ` 4 lakhs per DU for smaller cities with population less than 5 lakhs. In North East (NE) and special category States, upper ceiling would be at ` 5 lakh per DU irrespective of population of the city. Upper ceilings, as above, would also include cost of civic infrastructure and social amenities.

15. Cost of civic infrastructure and social amenities per DU should not exceed 25% of the cost.

16. Land cost will not be admissible for Central Government funding under the scheme.

17. Funds available under MPLAD/MLALAD may be used as a substitute for ULB share. The ULB share can also be borne by the State/UT or vice versa.

18. Beneficiary contribution is necessary to bring sense of ownership among the beneficiaries and is provided at the minimum of 10% in the case of SC/ST/OBC/PH/single woman/other weaker and vulnerable sections and 12% in case of general category.

19. Approximate Dwelling Unit Cost : Rs.3.75 lakhs

  • Govt. of India Share           :        Rs.1,87,500/-
  • Govt. of Andhra Pradesh     :        Rs.93,750/-
  • Beneficiary Contribution     :        Rs.93,750

The houses are to be designed by qualified architects and engineers, conforming to the National Building Code and other relevant Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Codes. The National Building Code (NBC) lays down provisions designed to protect the safety of the public with regard to structural sufficiency, fire hazards and health aspects of the buildings. The sizes as per standards for low income housing units in NBC-2005 are as under:

S.No.

Unit

Minimum Area    ( Sqm)

Minimum  width ( m)

Remark

1

Living

room

9.00

2.50

Total area of both the habitable rooms to be not less than 15.5sq.m

2

Bedroom

6.50

2.10

3

Kitchen

3.30

1.50

 

4

Bath room

1.20

1.00

 

5

Toilet

0.90

0.90

 

Total

20.90 (say 21.00)

 

 

CURRENT STATUS

Suryatejanagar slum (Ward No.2)

  • No. of housing units proposed: 204
  • Cost of the project:         
  • Housing:                                    Rs.     709.26 lakhs
  • Infrastructure                             Rs      252.86 lakhs
  • Others:                                      Rs.     139.58 lakhs

Total:                                        Rs.     1101.7 lakhs

DPRs are under preparation

S. No.

Ward. No.

Name of the slum

Approximate

No. of houses

1

5

Drivers Colony

53

2

35

Sweepers Colony

90

3

58

Uppara Colony, Toll gate

59

4

56

Uppara Colony KSR Reddy Nagar

146

5

AKPL-34

Sri Ram Colony, Near Tummapala

252

6

AKPL-26

Gavarapalem, Dhobhi Colony Near Nalla

92

7

17

Adarsagramam

72

8

58

Kurmannapalem

48

9

45

AKC Colony(Rajiv Colony)

436

Total

1248

 

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