The Vizag(Visakhapatnam) Municipality Was Set up as early as in 1858.The Vizag(Visakhapatnam) Municipality Was Formed in order to full fill the basic infrastructural needs of the people of the city and was converted in to Municipal Corporation in 1979.
Visakhapatnam, popularly known as Vizag is a multi faceted city located in south east India. One of the largest ports in the country Vizag is also known for its lush pristine beaches, gentle hillocks and thriving flora and fauna. The promontory of Dolphin Hill has protected the city from the natural disasters through time. The administrative capital of the Visakhapatnam district and the headquarters of the Eastern Naval Command is located in the city.
Visakhapatnam is one of the earliest municipalities along with Nellore, Kurnool, vizianagaram and Bhimilipatnam.
Voluntary Municipal Association was set up in Visakhapatnam in the year 1858 under All India Act.
XXVI of 1850. With the advent of Town Improvement Act of Madras (Act. 10 of 1865).
Substantial changes were occurred and the Voluntary Municipal Association had become a Municipality having a commission consisting of Officials and nominated mercantile community. Subsequently vide Madras District Municipalities Act 1884 the Commission was designated as Council. The Constitutionals and Administrative set up of the Vizag Municipality set forth by the Madras District Municipalities Act.1920 and the Amendment Act 1933 remained unchanged without any significant changes until 1965 when the Andhra Pradesh Legislature passed the Andhra Pradesh Municipalities Act 1965.
Since then the Vizag Municipality has grown in its Municipal limits due to incorporation of new areas and thus the need for conversion to Municipal Corporation occurred in the year 1979.In the year 1951 the population of the city was 1.08 lakhs covering an area of 20.23 Sq.Km and in the year 1971 the population rose to 3.52 lakhs covering an area of 76.32 Sq.Km. But over next two decades the population has further increased to 7.5 lakhs (1991) and the area of Corporation in also increased to 111.6 Sq.Km.
A moderate estimate of the Corporations total population would be around 10.5 lakhs by 2000. However, the officials of Corporation have estimated it to be 13.0 lakhs due to rapid migration. Visakhapatnam is growing steadily, with a current population of 17.30 lakhs in 2011and projected to rise to around 20.99 lakhs by 2021. The population growth rate in the city is inflated due to the high in-migration, owing to the multitude of economic opportunities that it offers. The city spreads over 544 Sq.Km.. It is the second largest city of Andhra Pradesh. Located favourably mid way between Kolkata and Chennai, along with the planned PCPIR, Vizag shall continue to gain prominence in the times to come.Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation is serving the estimated population of 12 lakhs with a total number of 4,534 officials and staff. The growth rate of population between 1981-91 is 47.39% and the total annual revenue of the Corporation is about Rs. 100 crores. The Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation has been performing a variety of functions ever since it was established as a Voluntary Municipal Association as early as 1858.
The number and extent of functions have been on steady increase with the passage of time under different municipal laws. The municipal authority was started in the beginning with a very few functions namely streetlighting, markets, drainage and water supply. Now,after 142 years the number has gone up extensively covering a vast area of 111.60 squarekms in which 1.2 million people live.
Greater Visakha has finally arrived. The areas of the earstwhile Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation along with the Gajuwaka Municipality and 32 villages (includes few Panchayats) that will now be governed under Greater Visakha Municipal Corporation (GVMC). GVMC came into existance after the Government of Andhra Pradesh released the Government Order (GO) on November 21, 2005. The High Court has earlier dismissed some cases against the merger of some villages into the Greater Visakha. A subsequent notification has put the total number of wards in the region to 72.
With the inclusion of the Gajuwaka Municipality, Greater Visakha will have a large industrial base. Major industries such as the Visakhapatnam Steel Plant, the Bharat Heavy Plate and Vessels and the Hindustan Zinc, now a part of the Sterlite group will come under the limits of Greater Visakha.